Clinical Chemistry is the application of biochemical scientific knowledge and techniques for medical testing and using those results to diagnosis, prognosis, and improve healthcare. Today, Clinical Chemistry/Toxicology plays an essential role in disciplines such as cardiac care, cancer testing, organ transplant, poisoning, forensic workplace drug testing collection, prenatal testing, diabetes management, infectious disease testing, therapeutic drug monitoring, genetic testing, and personalized medicine. As a discipline, it is a fundamental branch of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.
The Clinical Chemistry/Toxicology division performs over five million tests each year in a state-of-the-art laboratory (Dynacare Laboratories) that provide 24-hour service to Froedtert Hospital, several community outpatient facilities, physician offices, long-term care facilities, and other institutions throughout Southeastern Wisconsin. Chemistry and biochemical genetics testing services are also provided at the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin clinical laboratory.
Residents and fellows rotate through routine automated chemistry (high-volume testing), critical care (blood gases, stat testing), special chemistry (immunoassay for endocrine function and tumor markers), heavy metal testing, and drug analysis (therapeutic and abused drug testing) laboratories. The program is designed to provide training in the operation of a clinical laboratory, quality control and assurance, laboratory management, analytical methodologies and test interferences. The clinical interpretation and diagnostic relevance of tests are emphasized through clinical consults. Residents and fellows are actively involved in method development, test validation, and clinical and scientific investigation in any of the areas within Clinical Chemistry/Toxicology.